Mangroves are predominantly tropical trees and shrubs that grow on protected coasts, tidal flats and riverbanks in many parts of the world and belong to a wide variety of plant families. They are important carbon sinks and maintain the biodiversity of their ecosystem. Despite that, mangroves, in general, are threatened by growing pressure from consumers, unsustainable fish production and shrimp, mixed sewage from urban-industrial areas and oil-spill.
In recent years, mangroves are declining at an alarming rate worldwide. Government and non-governmental organizations put a huge effort to reintroduce the mangrove ecosystem through sapling plantation to protect coastal areas from further damage due to natural catastrophic events. But this new species introduction changes the species dynamics of the area along with native biodiversity loss. The self-sustaining capacity of mangrove ecosystems support it in coping with the effects of natural calamities and anthropogenic activities.
Soceo is collaborating with Dr. Punarbasu Chaudhuri of the Department of Environmental Science of the University of Calcutta to conduct an experimental study with the objective of observing and documenting the natural regeneration capacity of mangrove ecosystems in the Indian Sundarbans.